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Jacquard Loom

Invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in France in the early 19th century. The weave pattern is copied from the design paper by punching a series of cards, each perforation controlling the action of one warp thread for the passage of one pick. The machine may carry a large number of cards depending upon the design since there is a separate card for each pick. The threads are handled individually on the jacquard loom, because, allowing anywhere from 200 to 1200 threads to have independent weave action.